We shall look at Post-Independence leadership of African states and the forma and uses of Ideology (usually left-wing onesi.e. types of marxism and/or non-revolutionary socialism


***So for starters try this very short and slightly simplistic summary - but it's ok-ish

*** A better review by a Nigerian writer summarising in more academic but readable terms matters of leadership and ideology

You may wish to look at this chapter (from Google books) pages 32-40

I note the chapter is from a book publishd by Nkrumah House which may indicate a somewhat biased provenance! But it reads ok and it political analysis of leaders and ideology makes sense

Here is a critical piece by an African academic on post-idenpendence leadership, democracy, party, and ideological visions.
Worth reading all the way through though at least have a look at the first two sections

Very good if long piece about the new leaders and their ideas and politics. From Socialist Register 1966 - so a leftist informed analysis

*** Here is another serious and scholarly piece about African economic development and Socialist ideals (1968) (Have a go)

But we need to explore the linkages between Leaders and Ideology as a function of consolidation of power as well as a vision for development so we need to lok at the pure world of a somewhat eccentric ideology: Nkrumah's Consciencism as well as the more implementable socialist ideals of Nyerere's visions for Tanzania.

*** With the latter in mind see this piece by Bienen from 1969 on the Arusha Declaration, the Politics of Ujamaa and Tanzania.

Good scholarly piece:Post-independence African Policy:African Socialism and the Organization of African Unity

3 main leaders and their ideologies

Nkrumah's ideas and Sociaism and Conscienscism:

*** Here is a 1967 paper by Nkrumah - seems a bit empty of substantive ideas to me but you try it

Here is a rather good and long Masters thesis (1972) from the Australian National Univesity by Brophy on Nkrumah's ideology and policies

*** Julius Nyerere & Ujamaa, leaders of post-idependence Tanzania. Statement on Ujamaa

***Short readable pice on Ujamaa

A PhD thesis on the Ujamaa! (but recent 2012)

*** (try the opening bit to get the feel of the report)  Kenyatta
and Policy Implementation. Here is an interesting report from the Kenyan Government in 1965 signed off by Kenyatta looking at African Socialism and Planing in Kenya. Try the opening chapter or so where the authors try to make big statement about socialist ideas and how it fit into the furure of Kenya.

Useful portrait of Kenyatta and leadership and politics in post-independence Kenya