here are some papers and so forth that will help us to
address Monday's topic of British and French Colonialism and
strategies of de-colonisation
I have starred the pieces I woud particularly encourage you to read, and then there is a bunch of other readings which can also help with any essay you write.
Best wishes, and hope thing are going well for all of you.
"In sum, it should remain our aim to maintain our
authority in each territory until a transfer of power can be shown to be
generally desired by its people and they have shown that they can live at peace
with one another and are capable of sustaining independent status with a
reasonable standard of government. In most of the smaller territories there is
at present no widespread desire to escape from ultimate dependence on the
United Kingdom...Any premature withdrawal of authority by the United Kingdom
would seem bound to add to the areas of stress and discontent in the world.
There are territories over which jurisdiction might be surrendered without
prejudice to the essentials of strategy or foreign relations, and at some
modest savings to the Exchequer. But would we stand to gain by thus rewarding
loyalty to the Crown which is an enduring characteristic of so many Colonial
from: CAB 134/1556,
I have attached some basic info/data on the Chronology of African independence and also of African leaders at 1960
Readings: note stars for relevance and to some extent (though this is my estimation of course) of quality
A you may note some pieces are attached and other sut click on the link)
Try starting with John Darwin's short piece on British De-colonisation
***then with my ''useful summary of Fench Colonial Policy" pdf (attached)
***Michael Crowder: On French and British Indirect Rule
*** Tony Chafer piece (attached on French assimalationism - conclusion of his book on the subject.)
**Shodhganga on Assimilationism as parent/child relationship read up to s. 6.6 - which from there on is not relevant.
Quite a nice chapter that is pretty clear about the nature of French assimlations and imperial rule
*and worth your while though dated is https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/8078.pdf Read pp. 1-18 (Introduction). This is on French Aid by an activist, Teresa Hayter in 1966
*** Ibhawoh paper is a really interesting read that explores the uses of propaganda in independence capaigns. And note the stuff on the Atlantic Charter
and rifiing off the Ibhawoh paper, you could look at the (attached) 'Summary of Coffey's Ph.D.' thesis on the British press and Decolonisation...or read the whole of it of course.
British Labour Party piece (attached) - and it is important to get to grips wth an assessment of the degree to whichthe Labour party as an avowedly anti-mperialist socialist party really dealt with (de-) colonialisation. This piece suggest that ideological party was not foremost in the LP mind.
David Gardinier's piece on
and this O'Sullivan piece for comparative stuff on
**This is very good as it opens up questions about how the history of decolonistion has been written: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1543203/1/Britain-France-and-the-Decolonization-of-Africa.pdf Chapter 1 on Hisoriography of De-colonisation - good discussion of how various historicans and political scientists et al have evaluated explanations of the de-colonisation process. Slightly long piece.
Oyabebefa on linguistic consequences of French assimilationism (not a key piece but an interesting take on the issue of assimlationism.)
** Goldberg's 'Decolonisation and Political Socialisation & West Africa' piece (attached) identifies factors of the de-colonsation process that are given real-world political consideration in the Cabinet material immediately below. Easy gentle rather standard view of matter but certainly worth a trot down the road for you.
The below is taken from a massive volume of British cabinet documents in the late 50s at the height of decolonisation. It no only has a long and excellent Introduction to the volume but the piece I have identified below make good rading if you remember these are 'real-time' documents and discussion papers shuttling between senior civil servants and Ministers
*** http://sas-space.sas.ac.uk/5987/2/vA4_Conservative_Government_1.pdf Introduction and pp.43; 51; (3 stars because this is the record - from the horse's mouth as it were - of discusssion by Cabinet and the most senior civil servants) but reading this stuff may be a bit of a slog!!!
p.109 - 137 : CAB 134/1353, AF 1(59)
would be too much to hope for and we might have to accept neutrality of the kind now practised by
This is a fascinating set of papers initiated by the Africa Committee chared by Burke Trend (top Civil Servant soon to Cabinet Secretary) and then evaluated by various relevant Ministers from the PM (Macmillan downwards via Philip de Zulueta (Private Secretary to the PM) - and see his remarks about the'Africa the next ten years review: (note the the downbeat tone on the decline of British power and influence.
"...this is not a very good paper. It is permeated by the unimaginative spirit of colonial administration in decadence. I am afraid that it will only result in wrong policies being adopted, or at best, in no policy. The analysis of the African historical scene is adequate although much too long, and the analysis of the present day is politically and economically quite good. There is, however no attempt at all to compare the progress and success of the different colonial policies adopted by the European powers. For example, is the
But note the sophisticated analysis of the Angloa-African situation that takes into account a very wide range of maters to do with the balances of internaional power, moral, economic, and political obligations and the problems of defence policy and the Cold War. The Senior civil servants of the period might have studied classics at