Wars and new wars sessions:


Three issues to think about:


a) What is a war?: is say, the sense of 'war' as in the Peninsula war (1807-1814) (between Napoleon's forces and those of the allies of Britain, Spain and Portugal which ended in the Battle of Toulouse in 1814), a classic 'school history' sense of war as compared to war as in 'guerrilla war' (e.g. Ho Chi Minh strategy and tactics in the Vietnamese war) or compared to what we might see as a more metaphorical sense of war as in 'the war on drugs' (the government  initiative, not the rock band) or the 'war on terror'?


b) What are the factors for military success? (Forsyth piece is most salient)


c) What are New wars and how are they fought as distinct from Conventional wars? (state v state)


d) Which 'classic' theorist best captures strategy for fighting New wars - Clausewitz? Sun Tzu?...




Key reading for 24th October:


Forsyth,  'Finesse: A short theory of war'


and the Vego article: On Military Theory




New wars reading for 31st October:


Mary Kaldor : New wars (a defining piece)


Interview with Mary Kaldor on New wars book (2012) and here is a vid of her talking about New wars


Martin Shaw, review article on of Kaldor's earlier work on new wars


Schurmann on Clausewitz and New wars theory



Further Reading:''


Conventional wars reading:


Vego: Systems versus classical approaches to warfare


Colin Gray: Why Strategy is difficult.


A short history of War (very good in relating ancient as well as modern wars to strategies and changing materials e.g. weapons and transport = mobility


Also see the interview with Lt general Paul van Riper on 'The Immutable Nature of War'





and 'new wars' stuff


10 New wars (Washington Post article)


Empirical evaluation of Kaldor's new wars thesis (LSE paper)


Case study (Syria) of the New Wars idea

Case Study: Africa's New wars


Oberg and Hall, The ‘New Wars’ Debate Revisited: An Empirical

Evaluation of the Atrociousness of ‘New Wars’


New wars, non-State actors, and International law


New wars evaluated in the context of the ideas of Carl Schmitt - (Schmitt was a very clever but unfortunately pro-Nazi) jurist and legal/political thinker in the 1930s