M077 - Pols of Intnl Comms - session 2 - 20-2-18



1) In the first para what in theoretical outline is Innis pointing to when he says: The effective government of large areas depends to a very important extent on the efficiency of communication.


2) How does Innis link materiality to space and time in ancient Empires? (para 2)


3) What is meant by this: Materials that emphasize time favour decentralization and hierarchical types of institutions, while those that emphasize space favour centralization and systems of government less hierarchical in character - link to centrifugal and centripetal forces.


4) Empires persist by overcoming the bias of media  which overemphasizes either dimension. They have tended to flourish under conditions in which civilization reflects the influence of more than one medium,  and in which the bias of one medium towards decentralization is offset by the bias of another medium towards centralization.

Is this true today?


5) The written record signed, sealed, and swiftly transmitted was essential to military power and the extension of government.

Is this true today - International agreements?







6) Unesco quote on p.6 - true..and could this be an expression of weakening of state control by communication?


7) p.16 stuff on US dominated infosphere taking over from force - does this undermine the usual version of realism?



8) Thussu seems to point at communicational power at the level of government but has be any substantial reasons for this or is it that, in a post-propaganda, post-Cold war world,  the power of global info lies at the economic and cultural level?





9) What is Castells' focus re: network societies?


10) p.6 'What is also characteristic...' is this utopic?


11) p.9 Castells brings in politics but is it in a rather trivial sense - has he missed the ongoing dimensions of regulatory powers of the state(s) - What is the role of sates i the network society..if we accept Castells portrayal?